Dr. Birgit Heese

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

Permoserstraße 15

04318 Leipzig


Phone: +49 341 27177065

Mail: birgit.heese@tropos.de  

Room: 205 (Building 23.1)





Scientific staff



Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Processes



Ground-based Remote Sensing


Research areas & research interest

  • Investigations of atmosperic aerosol-properties by lidar
  • Development of Lidar devices and method
  • Mineral dust in the atmosphere
  • Influence of particles on the polarization state of light


Current projects


Completed projects

  • MEGACITIES - Satellite-Based Aerosol Mapping over Megacities, Guangzhou, China
  • EUSAAR - European Supersites for Atmospheric Aerosol Research
  • SAMUM - Saharan Dust Experiment, Marocco 
  • POLIS - Portable Lidar System
  • AMMA - African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis, Niger, Africa
  • BBC2 -  BALTEX BRIDGE Cloud campaign, Cabauw und Rotterdam
  • GTCO - Ground Truth Center Oberbayern
  • METRO - MEridional TRansport of Ozone
  • THESEO - Third European Stratospheric Experiment on Ozone
  • StarMOCS: Monitoring of ozone and stratospheric constituents
    (Ozone, NO2, OClO, BrO) during polar night using starlight
  • Stratospherc Ozone Lidar (DIAL), daylight measurements at Koldewey Station in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen.
  • EASOE - European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment
  • SESAME - Second European Stratospheric Arctic and Mid-latitude Experiment


Ciriculum vitae

Academic qualification

1991-1995 PhD student Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research (AWI), Bremerhaven, Germany
1990-1991 diploma thesis Nansen Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norwegen
1984-1989 Student of Physics and Meteorology Institute for Marine Research at the Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany

Diploma thesis: Comparison of Satellite (TOMS) and ground-based Measurements (Dobson-Spectrometer) of Stratospheric Ozone at Northern Latitudes


Research Experience

Since 2007 Scientist TROPOS, Leipzig
2000-2006 Wissenschaftlerin Meteorological Institute University of Munich
1998-2000 Post-Doc Service d'Aeronomie du CNRS, Paris, France
1995-1998 Associate Professor University Centre in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Norwegen



visit TROPOS publications


  • Heese B. , D. Althausen, H. Baars, S. Bohlmann, R, Deng, 2016, Aerosol Properties over South-Eastern China from Multiwavelength Raman and Depollarization Lidar  Measurements, Proceedings of the 27th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), New York City, USA, 05-10 July 2015, EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 23018, dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201611923018.
  • Chen, Z., W. Liu, B. Heese, D. Althausen,H. Baars, T. Cheng, X. Shu, and T. Zhang, 2014, Aerosol optical properties observed by combined Raman-elastic backscatter lidar in winter 2009 in Pearl River Delta, south China, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 2496–2510, doi:10.1002/2013JD020200.
  • Mey, B., E. Jäkel, B. Heese, D. Althausen, H. Baars, X. Gu, Yu, Z. Li and M. Wendisch, 2013, Airborne measurements of urban surface reflectivity and albedo, AIP Conference Proceedings 1531, 516; doi: 10.1063/1.4804820.
  • Heese, B., Althausen, D., Bauditz, M., Bao, R., Deng, R., Li, Z., 2012, Lidar depolarization and sun photometer polarization measurements for particle characterization over Guangzhou, China, Proceedings of the 26th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Porto Heli, Greece, 25-29 June, 505-509.
  • Heese, B., Flentje, H., Althausen, D., Ansmann, A., and Frey S., 2010. Ceilometer lidar comparison: backscatter coefficient retrieval and signal-to-noise ratio determination, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1763-1770, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1763-2010.
  • Heese. B., D. Althausen, T. Dinter, T. Müller, M. Tesche, and M. Wiegner, 2009, Vertically resolved Dust Optical Properties during SAMUM: Tinfou compared to Ouarzazate, Tellus 61B.
  • Bierwirth, E., M. Wendisch, A. Ehrlich, B. Heese, M. Tesche, D. Althausen, A. Schladitz, D. Müller, S. Otto, T. Trautmann, T. Dinter, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, and R. Kahn, 2009. Spectral Surface Albedo over Morocco and its Impact on Radiative Forcing of Saharan Dust, Tellus, 61B.
  • Freudenthaler, V., M. Esselborn, M. Wiegner, B. Heese, M. Tesche, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, M. Wirth, A. Fix, G. Ehret, P. Knipperts, C. Toledano, J. Gasteiger, M. Garhammer, and M. Seefeldner, 2009, Depolarization-ratio profiling at several wavelengths in pure Saharan dust during SAMUM 2006, Tellus 61B.
  • Kahn, R., A. Petzold, M. Wendisch, E. Bierwirth, T. Dinter, M. Esselborn, M. Fiebig, B. Heese, P. Knippertz, D. Müller, A. Schladitz, W. von Hoyningen-Huene, 2009, Desert dust aerosol air mass mapping in the western Sahara using particle properties derived from space-based multi-angle imaging, Tellus 61B.
  • Tesche, M., A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, B. Heese, V. Freudenthaler, M. Wiegner, M. Esselborn, G. Pisani, and P. Knipperts, 2009, Vertical profiling of Saharan dust with Raman lidars and airborne HSRL in southern Morocco during SAMUM, Tellus 61B.
  • Wiegner, M., J. Gasteiger, K. Kandler, B. Weinzierl, K. Rasp, M. Esselborn, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, C. Toledano, M. Tesche, and D. Althausen, 2009, Numerical simulations of optical properties of Saharan dust aerosols with emphasis on lidar applications, Tellus 61B.
  • Heese, B., and M. Wiegner, 2008, Vertical aerosol profiles from Raman polarization lidar observations during the dry season AMMA field campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C11, doi:10.1029/2007JD009487. Johnson, B. T., B. Heese, S. A. McFarlane, P. Chazette, A. Jones, and N. Bellouin 2008, Vertical distribution and radiative effects of mineral dust biomass burning aerosol over West Africa during DABEX, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C12, doi:10.1029/2008JD009848.
  • Haywood, J. M., J. Pelon, P. Formenti, N. A. Bharmal, M. Brooks, G. Capes, P. Chazette, C. Chou, S. Christopher, H. Coe, J. Cuesta, Y. Derimian, K. Desboeufs, G. Greed, M. Harrison, B. Heese, E. J. Highwood, B. T. Johnson, M. Mallet, B. Marticorena, J. Marsham, S. Milton, G. Myhre, S.R. Osborne, D. J. Parker, J.-L. Rajot, M. Schulz, A. Slingo, D. Tanre, and P. Tulet, 2008, Overview of the Dust and Biomass-burning Experiment and African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Special Observing Period-0, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C17, doi:10.1029/2008JD010077.
  • Ansmann A., M. Tesche, D. Althausen, D. Müller, and P. Seifert, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, M. Wiegner, G. Pisani, P. Knippertz, O. Dubovik, 2008, Influence of Saharan dust on cloud glaciation in southern Morocco during the Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D04210, doi:10.1029/2007JD008785.
  • Wiegner, M., S. Emeis, V. Freudenthaler, B. Heese, W. Junkermann, C. Münkel, K. Schäfer, M. Seefeldner, and S. Vogt, 2006, Mixing layer height over Munich, Germany: Variability and comparisons of different methodologies, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D13201, doi:10.1029/2005JD006593.
  • Lindstrot, R., R. Preusker, T. Ruhtz, B. Heese, M. Wiegner, C. Lindemann, and J. Fischer, 2006, Validation of MERIS cloud top pressure with airborne lidar measurements, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45(12), 1612-1621.
  • Heese, B., V. Freudenthaler, M. Seefeldner, M. Kosmale, M. Wiegner, 2004, First results from the portable lidar system POLIS - Proceedings of the International Laser Radar Conference, Matera, Italy.
  • Godin-Beekmann, S. M., T. Song, and B. Heese, 2003, Long-term DIAL monitoring of the stratospheric ozone vertical distribution, Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring III, Upendra N. Singh, Toshikasu Itabe, Zhishen Liu, Editors, SPIE, 4893.
  • Heese, B., V. Freudenthaler, M. Seefeldner, M. Wiegner, 2002, POLIS - A new POrtable LIdar System for ground-based and airborne measurements of aerosols and clouds, Proceedings of the International Laser Radar Conference, Québec, Canada.
  • Heese, B., S. Godin, A. Hauchecorne, 2001, Forecast and Simulation of Stratospheric Ozone Filaments: A Validation of a High Resolution PV Advection Model by Airborne Ozone Lidar Measurements in Winter 1998-1999, J. Geophy. Res., 106, 20,011.
  • Hauchecorne, A., S. Godin, M. Marchand, B. Heese, and C. Souprayen, 2001, Quantification of the Transport of Chemical Constituents from the Polar Vortex to Middle Latitudes in the Lower Stratosphere using the High-Resolution Advection Model MIMOSA and Effective Diffusivity, J. Geophy. Res..
  • Roscoe, H. K., P.V. Johnston, M. van Roozendael, A. Richter, A. Sarkissian, J. Roscoe, K.E. Preston, J.-C. Lambert, C. Hermans, W. Decuyper, S. Dyzienus, T. Winterrath, J. Burrows, F. Gourtail, J.-P. Pommereau, E. D'Almeida, J. Hottier, C. Coureul, R. Didier, I. Pundt, L.M. Bartlett, F. Ravegnanie, M. Premuda, I. Kostadinow, F. Erle, T. Wagner, K. Pfeilsticker, M. Kenntner, L.C. Marquard, M. Gil, O. Puentedura, M. Yela, D.W. Arlander, B.A. Karstad Hoiskar, C.W. Tellefsen. K. Karlsen Tornkvist, B. Heese, R.L. Jones, S. A. Aliwell, R.A. Freshwater, 1999, Slant Column Measurements of O3 and NO2 during the NDSC Intercomparison of Zenith Sky UV-visible Spectrometers in June 1996, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 32, 281-314.
  • Heese, B., P. von der Gathen, W. Ruhe, O. Schrems, 1993, A new detector for LIDAR measurements of ozone exchange processes between stratosphere and troposphere, Atmospheric Ozone, SPIE, 2047, .
  • Heese, B., K. Barthel, Ø. Hov, 1992, TOMS total ozone data compared with northern latitude Dobson ground stations, Ozone in the Troposphere and Stratosphere, NASA Conference Publication 3266, 215.
  • Heese, B., K. Barthel, Ø. Hov, 1992, A comparison of total ozone data from satellite and ground-based observations at northern latitudes, J. Geophy. Res., 97, 3825.