Prof. Dr. Andreas Macke

Leibniz-Institut für

Troposphärenforschung e.V.

Permoserstraße 15

04318 Leipzig


Telefon: +49 341 2717-7060

Mail: macke at  

Raum: 227 (Geb. 23.1)


Direktor Leibniz-Institut für Troposphärenforschung e.V.  

Leiter der Abteilung Fernerkundung atmosphärischer Prozesse



Fernerkundung atmosphärischer Prozesse


Forschungsgebiete & Arbeitsschwerpunkte:

  • Lichtstreuung an nichtsphärischen Partikeln in der Atmosphäre
  • Dreidimensionaler Strahlungstransport in Mischphasenwolken
  • Strahlungseffekt von Wolken im Modell und experimentelle Beaobachtung von Strahlungseffekten
  • Beobachtung der marinen Troposphäre vom Schiff


Aktuelle Projekte:

  • BMBF-Forschungsprojekt „High Definition Clouds & Precipitation in Climate Prediction“ – HD(CP)2:
  • Integrating Cloud Observations from Ground and Space – a Way to Combine Time and Space Information (ICOS) (DFG)
  • Leibniz-Graduiertenschule "Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation: Mineral Dust" (WGL PAKT Initiative)


Abgeschlossene Projekte:    

  • CIRAMOSA: CIrrus microphysical properties and their effect on RAdiation:       survey and integration into climate MOdels using combined SAtellite observations (EU)
  • AFO2000 4DWOLKEN:  Inhomogeneous Clouds – Influence on exchange and transport processes in the Atmosphere (BMBF)
  • OCEANET - Autonome Messplattform zur Bestimmung des Stoff- und Energieaustauschs zwischen Ozean und Atmosphäre (2008-2010)
  • Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment - SAMUM2 (DFG)



Professor für Physik der Atmosphäre an der Universität Leipzig  



  • Wissenschaftlicher Beirat des Deutschen Wetterdienstes
  • Wissenschaftlicher Beirat des deutschen Klimawandelanpassungsprogrammes KLIWAS
  • DFG-Fachkollegium "Ozean und Atmosphäre"
  • Mehrere Gremien der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft - u.a. Lenkungskreis des Leibniz-Forschungsverbundes "Krisen einer globalisierten Welt"
  • Member of the Advisory Board "Meteorologische Zeitschrift"
  • Associate Editor "Atmospheric Measurement Techniques"
  • Member of Editing Comitee "promet"
  • Member of the International Radiation Comission
  • Member of the HALO Science Steering Comitee
  • Member of the HALO Board of Trustee
  • Member of the EU Stearing Group of the Leibniz Association
  • Member of the DFG Topical Board 313 "Atmosphere and Ocean Research"
  • Deputy Chair of Section E of the Leibniz-Association
  • Mitglied der Ständigen Senatskommission für Ozeanographie


Lebenslauf (CV)

Academic qualification  

1982-1985 Student of Physics at the University of Cologne

1986-1990 Student of Physics at the University of Cologne

1990 Dipl. Physik (Master in Physics), University of Cologne

1994 Dr. rer. nat. (PhD Geosciences), University of Hamburg

2002 PD Dr. habil (Meteorology), University of Kiel


Research Experience

1993-1994 Postdoc at GKSS Research Center Geesthacht, cirrus cloud radiative transfer

1995-1996 Postdoc at Columbia University and NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

1997-2002 Assistant Professor (Assistent, C1) at the Institute for Marine Research (IFM, now IFM-GEOMAR)

2003 C3 Guest Professor at the University of Munich, Meteorological Institute

2002-2004 Assistant Professor (Oberassistent, C2) at IFM-GEOMAR

2004-2009 C3 Professor for Meteorology at IFM-GEOMAR

2010- W3 Professor for Atmospheric Physics at the University of Leipzig and Director of the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research



Macke A,Tzschichholz  F (1992) Scattering of light by two-dimensional deterministic Koch islands. Physica A 191, 545-548.    

Macke A, (1993) Scattering of light by polyhedral ice crystals. Applied Optics 32, 2780-2788.    

Macke A, (1993) Spectral variability of light scattering by atmospheric ice crystals. In: Chedin MCA, Scott N (Eds): High Spectral Resolution Infrared Remote Sensing for Earth's Weather and Climate Studies. NATO ASI Series 19, 191-204.    

Macke A, Mishchenko M-I, Miunonen K, Carlson B-E (1995) Scattering of light by large nonspherical particles: ray tracing  approximation versus T-matrix method. Optics Letters 20, 1934-1936.    

Macke A, Dlhopolsky R, Müller J, Stuhlmann R, und Raschke E  (1995) A study on bidirectional reflection functions for broken cloud fields over ocean. Adv. Space Res. 16, 50-58.    

Okamoto H, Macke A, Quante M, Raschke E (1995) Modeling of backscattering by non-spherical ice particles for the interpretation of cloud radar signals at 94 GHz. an error analysis. Beitr. Physik der Atmosphäre 68 (4), 319-334.    

Macke A, Mishchenko  M-I  (1996) Applicability of regular particle shapes in light scattering calculations for atmospheric ice particles. Applied Optics 35, 4291-4296.    

Macke A, Mishchenko M-I, Cairns B (1996) The influence of inclusions on light scattering by large ice particles. Journal of Geophysical Research 101,  23311-23316. 

Macke A, Müller J, Raschke E (1996) Single scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 53, 2813-2825.    

Mishchenko M-I, Travis L, Macke A. (1996) Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders. Applied Optics 35, 4927-4940.    

Mishchenko M-I, Rossow W, Macke A, Lacis A (1996) Sensitivity of cirrus cloud albedo, bidirectional reflectance and optical thickness retreival accuracy to ice particle shape. Journal of Geophysical Research 101, 16973-16985.    

Mitchell D, Macke A, Liu, Y (1996) Modelling cirrus clouds. part II: Treatment of radiative properties. Journal of Atmospheric  Sciences 53, 2967-2988.    

Hignett P, Francis P-N, Macke A (1997) Aircraft multispectral radiance measurements of cirrus during EUCREX 96, and their application to the retrieval of the clouds microphysical and radiative properties. In: Smith W-L, Stamnes K (Eds): IRS 96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Hampton: A. Deepak Publ., 101-104.

Kokhanovsky  A,  Macke A (1997) Integral light scattering and absorption characteristics of large nonspherical particles. Applied Optics 36, 8785-8790.  

Macke A, Mishchenko M-I, Cairns B. (1997) The influence of inclusions on light scattering by large hexagonal and spherical ice crystals. In: Smith W-L, Stamnes K (Eds): IRS 96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Hampton: A. Deepak Publ., 226-229.    

Macke A, Mishchenko M-I, Carlson B-E, Muinonen K. (1997) Scattering of light by large spherical, spheroidal, and circular cylindrical scatterers: Geometrical optics approximation versus T-matrix method. In: Smith W-L, Stamnes K (Eds): IRS 96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Hampton: A. Deepak Publ., 822-825.  

Macke A, Müller J, Nagel K, Stuhlmann R (1997) A cellular automaton model for cloud formation: Radiative Properties. In: Smith, W.L, Stamnes, K. (Eds): IRS 96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Hampton: A. Deepak Publ., 234-237.

Mishchenko M-I, Macke A (1997) Asymmetry parameters of the phase function for isolated and densely packed spherical particles with multiple internal inclusions in the geometrics optics limit.  J. Quant. Spectros. Radiat. Transfer 57, 767-794.

Mishchenko, M-I, Travis L-D, Macke A (1997) Light scattering by nonspherical particles in the atmosphere: an overview. In: Smith W-L, Stamnes K (Eds): IRS 96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Hampton: A. Deepak Publ., 801-807.  

Mitchel, D-L, Macke A (1997) A new treatment of cirrus cloud radiative properties. In: Smith W-L, Stamnes K (Eds): IRS 96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Hampton: A. Deepak Publ., 163-166.    

Wielaard D-J, Mishchenko M-I, Macke A,  Carlson, B-E (1997) Improved T-matrix computations for large, nonabsorbing and weakly absorbing nonspherical particles and comparison with geometric optics  approximation. Applied Optics 36, 4305-4313.

Francis P-N, Hignett  P, Macke A (1998) The retrieval of cirrus cloud properties from aircraft multi-spectral reflectance measurements during EUCREX'93. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124, 1273-1291.    

Macke A, Grossklaus M (1998) Light Scattering by nonspherical raindrops: implications for lidar remote sensing of rainrates.  Journal of Quant. Spectros. Radiat. Transfer 60 (3), 355-363.    

Macke A, Mitchel D-L, von Bremen L (1998) Monte-Carlo-Strahlungstransportrechnungen für inhomogene Mischphasenwolken. In: Deutscher Wetterdienst (Eds): Annalen der Meteorologie (Deutsche Meteorologen-Tagung). Bd. 37. Offenbach am Main: Selbstverlag des DWD, 103-104.    

Macke A, Francis P-N, Mc Farquhar G-M, Kinne S (1998) The role of ice particle shapes and size distributions in the single scattering properties of cirrus clouds. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 55 (17), 2874-2883.    

Mishchenko M-I, Macke A (1998) Incorporation of physical optics effects and computation of the Legendre expansion for ray-tracing phase functions involving - function transmission. Journal of Geophysical Research 103 (D2), 1799-1805.

Bremen von L, Ruprecht E, Macke A (1999) Modelling Study of Beamfilling Effects in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing. In: IGARSS: Proc. Int. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symp. (IGARSS'99). Vol 1. Piscataway, USA: IEEE Publications,, 152-154.    

Kokhanovsky A, Macke A (1999) The dependence of the radiative characteristics of optically thick media on the shape of particles.  J. Quant. Spectros. Radiat. Transfer 63, 393-407.    

Macke A, Mitchell D, Bremen von L (1999) Monte Carlo radiative transfer calculations for inhomogeneous mixed phase clouds. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 24 (3), 237-241.    

Mc Farquhar G-M, Heymsfield A-J, Macke A, Iaquinta J, Aulenbach M (1999) Use of observed ice crystal sizes and shapes to calculate mean-scattering properties and multispectral radiances: CEPEX April 4, 1993, case study. Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (D24), 31763-31779.    

Mishchenko M-I, Macke A (1999) How big should ice crystals be to produce haloes?  Applied Optics 38 (9), 1626-1629.    

Zhang Y, Macke A, Albers F (1999) Effect of crystal size spectrum and crystal shape on stratiform cirrus radiative forcing. Atmospheric Research 52, 59-75.    

Macke A (2000) Monte Carlo calculations of light scattering by large particles with multiple internal inclusions. In: Mishchenko M-I, Hovenier, J-W Travis, Larry D (Eds): Light scattering by nonspherical particles. Vol 10. San Diego: Academic Press, 309-322.    

Mishchenko M-I, Travis L-D, Macke A (2000) T-Matrix method and its applications. In: Mishchenko M-I, Hovenier J-W, Travis  L-D (Eds): Light scattering by nonspherical particles. Vol 6. San Diego: Academic Press, 147-172.    

Reichardt J, Hess M, Macke A (2000) Lidar Inelastic Multiple-Scattering Parameters of Cirrus Particle Ensembles Determined with Geometrical-Optics Crystal Phase Functions. Applied Optics 39 (12), 1895-1910.    

Scheirer R, Macke A (2000) Influence of the gasous atmosphere on solar fluxes of inhomogeneous clouds. Phys. Chem. Earth B 25, 73-76.    

Labonnote  L-C, Brogniez G, Buriez J-C,  Doutriaux-Bouchert M, Gayet J-F, Macke A (2001) Polarized light scattering by inhomogeneous hexagonal monocrystals. Validation with ADEOS-POLDER measurements. J. Geophysical Research 106 (D11), 14301-14312.    

Löhnert U, Crewell S, Macke A,  Simmer  C (2001) Profiling Cloud Liquid Water by Combining Active and Passive Microwave Measurements with Cloud Model Statistics. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technologies 18 (8), 1354-1366.    

McFarquhar G, Yang P, Macke A, Baran J (2001) A new parameterization of single-scattering radiative properties for tropical ice clouds using observed ice crystal size and shape distributions. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 59, 2458-2478.    

Scheirer R, Macke A (2001) On the accuracy of the independent column approximation in calculating the downward fluxes in the UVA, UVB and PAR spectral ranges. Journal of Geophysical Research 106 (D13), 14301-14312.    

Scheirer R, Macke A (2001) On the accuracy of the independent pixel approximation in 3d radiative transfer. In: Smith W-L, Timofeyev Y-M (Eds): IRS 2000: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation. Hampton, Virginia: A. Deepak Publishing, 229-232.    

Schewski M, Macke A, Scheirer R, Jung T (2001) A statistically based parameterisation of shortwave cloud radiative fluxes for inhomogeneous mixed-phase clouds. In: Smith W-L, Timofeyev Y-M (Eds): IRS'2000: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation. Hampton, Virginia: A. Deepak Publishing, 249-252.    

Bremen von L, Ruprecht E, Macke A (2002) Errors in liquid water path retrieval arising from cloud inhomogeneities: The Beam-Filling Effect. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 11(1), 13-19.    

Liu L, Mishchenko M-I, Menon S, Macke A, Lacis A-A (2002) The effect of black carbon on scattering and absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 74, 195-204.    

Macke A (2002) Die Bedeutung der Variabilität wolkenmikro- und makrophysikalischer Eigenschaften auf den solaren Strahlungstransport der bewölkten Atmosphäre. Kiel, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Habil-Schr.    

Zhang Y,  Li Z, Macke A (2002) Retrieval of Surface Solar Radiation Budget under Ice Cloud Sky: Uncertainty Analysis and Parameterization. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 59, 2951-2965.    

Macke A, Meyer S, Schewski M, Roebeling R. (Eds)(2003) Cloud Optical Thickness and Cloud Liquid Water Path Phase 2. 25 pp.    

Scheirer R, Macke A (2003) Cloud inhomogeneity and broadband solar fluxes. Journal of Geophysical Research 108  (D19), 4599.    

Schewski M, Macke A (2003) Correlation between domain averaged cloud properties, and solar radiative fluxes for three-dimensional inhomogenous mixed phase clouds. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 12 (6), 293-299.    

Donovan D-P, Quante M, Schlimme I, Macke A (2004) Use of equivalent spheres to model the relation between radar reflectivity and optical extinction of ice cloud particles. Applied Optics 43 (25), 4929-4940.    

Macke A (2004) Preface. In: Macke A, Fu  Q, Stammes  P, Brogniez G (Eds): Clouds and Radiation (Special Issue). Bd. 72 (1-4) Elsevier, (Atmospheric Research), 1.    

Macke A, Muinonen K (2004) Polarized Light Scattering by Large Nonspherical Particles. In: Videen G, Yatskiv Y, Mishchenko M (Eds): Photopolarimetry in Remote Sensing. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 45-64.    

Cahalan  R-F, Oreopoulos  L, Marshak  A, ( incl. Macke A ) et al. (2005) The International Intercomparison of 3D Radiation Codes (I3RC): Bringing together the most advanced radiative transfer tools for cloudy atmospheres. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1275.    

Roebeling R-A, Berk A, Feijt A-J, Frerichs W, Jolivet D, Macke A, Stammes P  (2005) Sensitivity of cloud property retrievals to differences in radiative transfer simulations. De Bilt (The Netherlands): Royal Netherlands Metorological Institute (KNMI), (WR2005-02), 27 pp.    

Schlimme I, Macke A, Reichardt J (2005) The impact of ice crystal shapes, size distributions and spatial structures of cirrus clouds on solar radiative fluxes. In: Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 62 (7 I), 2274-2283.    

Sinitsyn, A.; Gulev, S.; Macke, A.; Kalisch, J.; Sokov, S. (2006) MORE cruises launched, Flux news, 1, 11-13    

Klotzsche, S. ; Macke, A. (2006): Influence of crystal tilt on solar irradiance of cirrus clouds . In: Applied Optics 45(5), 1034-1040    

Oreopoulos, L. ; Marshak, A. ; Cahalan, R. F. ; Varnai, T. ; Davis, A. B. ; Macke, A. (2006): New Directions in the Radiative Transfer of Cloudy Atmospheres . In: EOS 87(5), S. 52-53    

Stick, C. ; Krüger, K. ; Schade, N. ; Sandmann, H. ; Macke, A. (2006): Episode of unusual high solar ultraviolet radiation over central Europe due to dynamical reduced total ozone in May 2005 . In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) 6, 1771-1776    

Venema, V. ; Meyer, S. ; Gracia, S.G. ; Kniffka, A. ; Simmer, C. ; Crewell, S. ; Loehnert, U. ; Trautmann, T. ; Macke, A. (2006): Surrogate cloud fields generated with the Iterative Amplitude Adapted Fourier Transform algorithm . In: Tellus A - Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 58, Nr. 1, S. 104-120     

Bedacht, E. ; Gulev, S. K. ; Macke, A. (2007): Intercomparison of global cloud cover fields over oceans from VOS observations and NCEP/NCAR reanalysis . In: International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1490    

Schade, N. H.; Macke, A.; Sandmann, H.; Stick, C.  (2007): Enhanced solar global irradiance during cloudy sky conditions, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 16(3), 295-303(9)    

Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, B. Laurent, B. Heinold, and A. Macke (2007), A new Saharan dust source activation frequency map derived from MSG-SEVIRI IR-channels, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18803, doi:10.1029/2007GL030168.

Stubenrauch, C.J., F. Eddounia, J.M. Edwards, and A. Macke (2007): Evaluation of Cirrus Parameterizations for Radiative Flux Computations in Climate Models Using TOVS-ScaRaB Satellite Observations. Journal of Climate, Volume 20, 4459-4475. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4251.1    

Macke, Andreas ; Kalisch, John ; Sinitsyn, Alexei ; Wassmann, Andreas: More of MORE: the first MORE cruise onboard RV Polarstern . In: Flux news 4 (2007), S. 21-22    

Kalisch, John ; Macke, Andreas: Estimation of the total cloud cover with high temporal resolution and parametrization of short-term fluctuations of sea surface insolation, Meteorologische Zeitschrift 17 (2008), No.5, 603-611    

Klüser, L. ; Rosenfeld, D. ; Macke, Andreas ; Holzer-Popp, T.: Observations of shallow convective clouds generated by solar heating of dark smoke plumes, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8 (2008), 2833-2840    

Schade, N. H., Macke, A., Sandmann, H., and Stick, C.: Total and partial cloud amount detection during summer 2005 at Westerland (Sylt, Germany), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1143-1150, 2009    

Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, and A. Macke, Saharan dust transport and deposition towards the tropical northern Atlantic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1173-1189, 2009

Schepanski, K., I. Tegen, M. C. Todd, B. Heinold, G. Bonisch, B. Laurent, and A. Macke (2009), Meteorological processes forcing Saharan dust emission inferred from MSG-SEVIRI observations of sub-daily dust source activation and numerical models, J. Geophys. Res., doi.1029/2008JD010325    

Smirnov, A., et al. incl. A. Macke (2009), Maritime Aerosol Network as a component of Aerosol Robotic Network, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D06204, doi:10.1029/2008JD011257.    

Macke, A. (Ed.) The expedition of the research vessel „Polarstern“ to the Antarctic in 2008 (ANT-XXIV/4). Bremerhaven: AWI, 2009 (Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung Bd. 591).- 64 Seiten. ISSN 1866-3192    

A. Heinle, A. Macke, and A. Srivastav: Automatic cloud classification of whole sky images Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 557-567, 2010, doi:10.5194/amt-3-557-2010    

Macke, A.; Kalisch, J.; Hollmann, R.: Validation of downward surface radiation derived from MSG data by in-situ observations over the Atlantic ocean, Meteorologische Zeitschrift Vol. 19, No. 2 (2010), p. 155 – 167, DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0433    

M. Hieronymi, A. Macke, "Spatiotemporal underwater light field fluctuations in the open ocean", J. Europ. Opt. Soc. Rap. Public. 10019s Vol 5 (2010) [DOI: 10.2971/jeos.2010.10019s]    

El Naggar, S. (ed), Macke, A. (ed)(2010). The expedition of the research vessel "Polarstern" to the Antarctic in 2009 (ANT-XXVI/1) : ANT-XXVI/1 16 October 2009 - 25 November 2009 Bremerhaven - Punta Arenas / Ed. by Saad el Naggar and Andreas Macke with contributions of the participants, Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung = Reports on polar and marine research, 614, 79 p.    

K. Lengfeld, A. Macke, U. Feister and J. Güldner,  Parameterization of solar radiation from model and observations, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, Vol. 19, No. 1, 025-033 (2010)    

Martin Hieronymi and Andreas Macke:  Monte Carlo Radiative Transfer Simulations on the Influence of Surface Waves on Underwater Light Fields, six pages, In proceedings of the 20th Ocean Optics Conference Anchorage, Alaska, USA 2010, 27 September - 1 October    

Marcos, Justin R. Seymour, Mitul Luhar, William M. Durham, James G. Mitchell, Andreas Macke and Roman Stocker: Microbial alignment in flow changes ocean light climate,    

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, D. M. Giles, I. Slutsker, N. T. O'Neill, T. F. Eck, A. Macke, P. Croot, Y. Courcoux, S. M. Sakerin, T. J. Smyth, T. Zielinski, G. Zibordi, J. I. Goes, M. J. Harvey, P. K. Quinn, N. B. Nelson, V. F. Radionov, C. M. Duarte, R. Losno, J. Sciare, K. J. Voss, S. Kinne, N. R. Nalli, E. Joseph, K. Krishna Moorthy, D. S. Covert, S. K. Gulev, G. Milinevsky, P. Larouche, S. Belanger, E. Horne, M. Chin, L. A. Remer, R. A. Kahn, J. S. Reid, M. Schulz, C. L. Heald, J. Zhang, K. Lapina, R. G. Kleidman, J. Griesfeller, B. J. Gaitley, Q. Tan, and T. L. Diehl: Maritime aerosol network as a component of AERONET – first results and comparison with global aerosol models and satellite retrievals, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 583-597, 2011

ANTJE TORGE, ANDREAS MACKE, BERND HEINOLD, JOCHEN WAUER, Solar radiative transfer simulations in Saharan dust plumes: particle shapes and 3-D effect, Tellus B Special Issue: RESULTS OF THE SECOND SAHARAN MINERAL DUST EXPERIMENT (SAMUM-2) Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 770–780, September 2011

Hieronymi, Martin, Macke, Andreas, and Zielinski, Oliver:  Modeling of wave-induced irradiance variability in the upper ocean mixed layer,  Ocean Science, 8, 103-120, doi:10.5194/os-8-103-2012,  2012.    

E. Hesse, A. Macke, S. Havemann, A.J. Baran, Z. Ulanowski, P.H. Kaye: Modelling diffraction by facetted particles Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 113 (2012) 342–347    

A.Smirnov, A.M.Sayer, B.N.Holben, N.C.Hsu, S.M. Sakerin, A.Macke, N.B.Nelson, Y.Courcoux, T.J.Smyth, P.Croot, P.K.Quinn, J.Sciare, S.K.Gulev, S.Piketh, R.Losno, S.Kinne, V.F.Radionov: Effect of wind speed on aerosol optical depth over remote oceans, based on data from the Maritime Aerosol Network, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 377–388, 2012,, doi:10.5194/amt-5-377-2012    

K. Schepanski, I. Tegen, A. Macke, Comparison of satellite based observations of Saharan dust source areas, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 123, August 2012, Pages 90-97, ISSN 0034-4257, 10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.019. (    

Kalisch, J. and Macke, A.: Radiative budget and cloud radiative effect over the Atlantic from ship-based observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 2391-2401, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2391-2012, 2012.    

Hanschmann, T., Deneke, H., Roebeling, R., and Macke, A.: Evaluation of the shortwave cloud radiative effect over the ocean by use of ship and satellite observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 12243–12253, 2012, doi:10.5194/acp-12-12243-2012    

Hieronymi, Martin and Macke, Andreas: On the influence of wind and waves on underwater irradiance fluctuations, Ocean Science, 8 (4), 455-471, doi:10.5194/os-8-455-2012, 2012.          

Hieronymi, M., and Macke, A. (2012), Variability of downwelling irradiance in the upper ocean in response to surface waves and diffuse sky radiation, 21st Ocean Optics Conference, 08.-12.10.2012, Glasgow, UK.    

Chao Liu, R. Lee Panetta, Ping Yang, Andreas Macke, and Anthony J. Baran Modeling the scattering properties of mineral aerosols using concave fractal polyhedra APPLIED OPTICS / Vol. 52, No. 4 / 1 February 2013